Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2010 Nov 5;285(45):34390-400. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.120576. Epub 2010 Aug 31.

Identification of an endothelin-converting enzyme-2-specific fluorigenic substrate and development of an in vitro and ex vivo enzymatic assay.

Author information

  • 1Pharmaleads, Paris BioPark, 75013 Paris, France.


Endothelin-converting enzyme-2 (ECE-2) is a membrane-bound zinc-dependent metalloprotease that shares a high degree of sequence homology with ECE-1, but displays an acidic pH optimum characteristic of maturing enzymes acting late in the secretory pathway. Although ECE-2, like ECE-1, can cleave the big endothelin intermediate to produce the vasoconstrictive endothelin peptide, its true physiological function remains to be elucidated, a task that is hampered by the lack of specific tools to study and discriminate ECE-2 from ECE-1, i.e. specific substrates and/or specific inhibitors. To fill this gap, we searched for novel ECE-specific peptide substrates. To this end, peptides derived from the big endothelin intermediate were tested using ECE-1 and ECE-2, leading to the identification of an ECE-1-specific substrate. Moreover, screening of our proprietary fluorigenic peptide Fluofast® libraries using ECE-1 and ECE-2 allowed the identification of Ac-SKG-Pya-F-W-Nop-GGK-NH(2) (PL405), as a specific and high affinity ECE-2 substrate. Indeed, ECE-2 cleaved PL405 at the Pya-F amide bond with a specificity constant (k(cat)/K(m)) of 8.1 ± 0.9 × 10(3) M(-1) s(-1). Using this novel substrate, we also characterized the first potent (K(i) = 7.7 ± 0.3 nM) and relatively selective ECE-2 inhibitor and developed a quantitative fluorigenic ECE-2 assay. The assay was used to study the ex vivo ECE-2 activity in wild type and ECE-2 knock-out tissues and was found to truly reflect ECE-2 expression patterns. The PL405 assay is thus the first tool to study ECE-2 inhibition using high throughput screening or for ex vivo ECE-2 quantification.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk