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Acad Radiol. 2010 Nov;17(11):1386-93. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2010.06.011.

Optimal systolic and diastolic image reconstruction windows for coronary 256-slice CT angiography.

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  • 1Department of Imaging and Interventional Radiology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.



The aims of this study were to determine the optimal image reconstruction intervals for the systolic and diastolic phases of coronary computed tomographic angiography on 256-slice computed tomography and to assess their associated motion artifacts.


One hundred twenty-six patients were recruited (mean heart rate [HR], 72.1 beats/min; heart rate variability, 1.3 beats/min). Twenty data sets were reconstructed in 5% steps through 0% to 95% of the R-R interval. Two reviewers discriminated optimal reconstruction intervals for 15 segments distributed in three coronary arteries on the basis of motion artifacts, which were graded from 1 (no motion artifacts) to 4 (severe motion artifacts preventing diagnosis). Patients were then stratified into four HR groups for motion score comparison according to the results of a correlation analysis of HR and motion scores.


The optimal systolic and diastolic reconstruction intervals were 44.4 ± 3.8% and 77.4 ± 3.7%, respectively. The mean motion scores for systolic, diastolic, and combined systolic and diastolic (S+D) reconstructions were 1.8 ± 0.3, 1.8 ± 0.5, and 1.5 ± 0.3, respectively. Combined S+D reconstruction improved diagnostic evaluability to 100% and showed fewer motion artifacts compared to single-phase reconstructions for all HR ranges (S+D vs systolic, P < .05 for HR < 85 beats/min; S+D vs diastolic, P < .05 for HRs of 73-84 beats/min). For HRs of 60 to 72 beats/min, motion artifacts were significantly lower for diastole (1.6 ± 0.3) than systole (1.8 ± 0.4) (P < .001), and vice versa for HRs of 73 to 84 beats/min (1.7 ± 0.3 for systole vs 2.0 ± 0.5 for diastole, P < .01).


Optimal systolic and diastolic reconstruction intervals were determined for this 256-slice coronary computed tomographic angiographic study. Combined reconstruction showed fewer motion artifacts compared to single-phase reconstruction. In conclusion, 256-slice computed tomography has the potential to improve the diagnostic accuracy of coronary computed tomographic angiography.

Copyright © 2010 AUR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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