Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2010 Dec 31;174(3):182-91. doi: 10.1016/j.resp.2010.08.015. Epub 2010 Aug 27.

The role of redox changes in oxygen sensing.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, VA Medical Center and University of Minnesota, 1 Veteran's Drive, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA.


The specialized oxygen-sensing tissues include the carotid body and arterial smooth muscle cells in the pulmonary artery (PA) and ductus arteriosus (DA). We discuss the evidence that changes in oxygen tension are sensed through changes in redox status. "Redox" changes imply the giving or accepting of electrons. This might occur through the direct tunneling of electrons from mitochondria or redox couples to an effector protein (e.g. ion channel). Alternatively, the electron might be transferred through reactive oxygen species from mitochondria or an NADPH oxidase isoform. The PA's response to hypoxia and DA's response to normoxia result from reduction or oxidation, respectively. These opposing redox stimuli lead to K+ channel inhibition, membrane depolarization and an increase in cytosolic calcium and/or calcium sensitization that causes contraction. In the neuroendocrine cells (the type 1 cell of the carotid body, neuroepithelial body and adrenomedullary cells), the response is secretion. We examine the roles played by superoxide anion, hydrogen peroxide and the anti-oxidant enzymes in the signaling of oxygen tensions.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk