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Biochem J. 2010 Nov 15;432(1):35-45. doi: 10.1042/BJ20091087.

Lysophosphatidylcholines activate G2A inducing G(αi)₋₁-/G(αq/)₁₁- Ca²(+) flux, G(βγ)-Hck activation and clathrin/β-arrestin-1/GRK6 recruitment in PMNs.

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  • 1Bonfils Blood Center, Denver, CO 80230, USA.


Lyso-PCs (lysophosphatidylcholines) are a mixture of lipids that accumulate during storage of cellular blood components, have been implicated in TRALI (transfusion-related acute lung injury) and directly affect the physiology of neutrophils [PMNs (polymorphonuclear leucocytes)]. Because the G2A receptor, expressed on PMNs, has been reported to recognize lyso-PCs, we hypothesize that lyso-PC activation of G2A causes the increases in cytosolic Ca²(+) via release of G(α) and G(βγ) subunits, kinase activation, and the recruitment of clathrin, β-arrestin-1 and GRK6 (G-protein receptor kinase 6) to G2A for signal transduction. PMNs were isolated by standard techniques, primed with lyso-PCs for 5-180 s, and lysed for Western blot analysis, immunoprecipitation or subcellular fractionation, or fixed and smeared on to slides for digital microscopy. The results demonstrated that lyso-PCs cause rapid activation of the G2A receptor through S-phosphorylation and internalization resulting in G(αi)₋₁ and G(αq/)₁₁ release leading to increases in cytosolic Ca²(+), which was inhibited by an antibody to G2A or intracellular neutralization of these subunits. Lyso-PCs also caused the release of the G(βγ) subunit which demonstrated a physical interaction (FRET+) with activated Hck (haemopoietic cell kinase; Tyr⁴¹¹). Moreover, G2A recruited clathrin, β-arrestin-1 and GRK6: clathrin is important for signal transduction, GRK6 for receptor de-sensitization, and β-arrestin-1 both propagates and terminates signals. We conclude that lyso-PC activation of G2A caused release of G(αi)₋₁, G(αq/)₁₁ and G(βγ), resulting in cytosolic Ca²(+) flux, Hck activation, and recruitment of clathrin, β-arrestin-1 and GRK6.

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