Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2010 Nov 5;285(45):34850-63. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.167668. Epub 2010 Aug 25.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa Homoserine lactone activates store-operated cAMP and cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator-dependent Cl- secretion by human airway epithelia.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-3200, USA.

Abstract

The ubiquitous bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa frequently causes hospital-acquired infections. P. aeruginosa also infects the lungs of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and secretes N-(3-oxo-dodecanoyl)-S-homoserine lactone (3O-C12) to regulate bacterial gene expression critical for P. aeruginosa persistence. In addition to its effects as a quorum-sensing gene regulator in P. aeruginosa, 3O-C12 elicits cross-kingdom effects on host cell signaling leading to both pro- or anti-inflammatory effects. We find that in addition to these slow effects mediated through changes in gene expression, 3O-C12 also rapidly increases Cl(-) and fluid secretion in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR)-expressing airway epithelia. 3O-C12 does not stimulate Cl(-) secretion in CF cells, suggesting that lactone activates the CFTR. 3O-C12 also appears to directly activate the inositol trisphosphate receptor and release Ca(2+) from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), lowering [Ca(2+)] in the ER and thereby activating the Ca(2+)-sensitive ER signaling protein STIM1. 3O-C12 increases cytosolic [Ca(2+)] and, strikingly, also cytosolic [cAMP], the known activator of CFTR. Activation of Cl(-) current by 3O-C12 was inhibited by a cAMP antagonist and increased by a phosphodiesterase inhibitor. Finally, a Ca(2+) buffer that lowers [Ca(2+)] in the ER similar to the effect of 3O-C12 also increased cAMP and I(Cl). The results suggest that 3O-C12 stimulates CFTR-dependent Cl(-) and fluid secretion in airway epithelial cells by activating the inositol trisphosphate receptor, thus lowering [Ca(2+)] in the ER and activating STIM1 and store-operated cAMP production. In CF airways, where CFTR is absent, the adaptive ability to rapidly flush the bacteria away is compromised because the lactone cannot affect Cl(-) and fluid secretion.

PMID:
20739289
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2966100
Free PMC Article

Publication Types, MeSH Terms, Substances, Grant Support

Publication Types

MeSH Terms

Substances

Grant Support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk