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Yeast. 2010 Dec;27(12):1017-27. doi: 10.1002/yea.1811. Epub 2010 Aug 24.

Improving the performance of industrial ethanol-producing yeast by expressing the aspartyl protease on the cell surface.

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  • 1The Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, Center for Bioresources and Bioenergy, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

The yeasts used in fuel ethanol manufacture are unable to metabolize soluble proteins. The PEP4 gene, encoding a vacuolar aspartyl protease in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, was either secretively or cell-surface anchored expressed in industrial ethanol-producing S. cerevisiae. The obtained recombinant strains APA (expressing the protease secretively) and APB (expressing the protease on the cell wall) were studied under ethanol fermentation conditions in feed barley cultures. The effects of expression of the protease on product formation, growth and cell protein content were measured. The biomass yield of the wild-type was clearly lower than that of the recombinant strains (0.578 ± 0.12 g biomass/g glucose for APA and 0.582 ± 0.08 g biomass/g glucose for APB). In addition, nearly 98-99% of the theoretical maximum level of ethanol yield was achieved (relative to the amount of substrate consumed) for the recombinant strains, while limiting the nitrogen source resulted in dissatisfactory fermentation for the wild-type and more than 30 g/l residual sugar was detected at the end of fermentation. In addition, higher growth rate, viability and lower yields of byproducts such as glycerol and pyruvic acid for recombinant strains were observed. Expressing acid protease can be expected to lead to a significant increase in ethanol productivity.

Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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