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Appl Opt. 1992 Oct 1;31(28):6036-46. doi: 10.1364/AO.31.006036.

Adaptive optics for array telescopes using piston-and-tilt wave-front sensing.


A near-infrared adaptive optics system operating at approximately 50 Hz has been used to control phase errors adaptively between two mirrors of the Multiple Mirror Telescope by stabilizing the position of the interference fringe in the combined unresolved far-field image. The resultant integrated images have angular resolutions of better than 0.1 arcsec and fringe contrasts of >0.6. Measurements of wave-front tilt have confirmed the wavelength independence of image motion. These results show that interferometric sensing of phase errors, when combined with a system for sensing the wave-front tilt of the individual telescopes, will provide a means of achieving a stable diffraction-limited focus with segmented telescopes or arrays of telescopes.

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