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Int J Obes (Lond). 2011 May;35(5):676-83. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2010.166. Epub 2010 Aug 24.

Associations of markers in 11 obesity candidate genes with maximal weight loss and weight regain in the SOS bariatric surgery cases.

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  • 1Human Genomics Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.

Erratum in

  • Int J Obes (Lond). 2012 Jul;36(7):1016.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To test whether DNA sequence variation in 11 obesity genes is associated with maximum weight loss and weight regain over 6 years of follow-up in bariatric surgery patients of the Swedish obese subjects (SOS) intervention study.

METHODS:

A total of 1443 subjects were available for analysis (vertical banded gastroplasty: n = 966, banding: n = 293 and gastric bypass: n = 184). Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from the following 11 genes were included: ADIPOQ, BDNF, FTO, GNB3, LEP, LEPR, MC4R, NR3C1, PPARG, PPARGC1A and TNF. General linear models were used to analyze associations between the SNPs and maximum weight loss and weight regain.

RESULTS:

The average maximum weight loss was 33.7 kg (s.d. 13.3; min -95.5 kg, max +2.0 kg), which was reached 2.2 (s.d. 1.6) years after the surgery. Subjects regained approximately 12 kg (range 0.0-51.4 kg) by year 6. After correcting for multiple testing, the FTO SNP rs16945088 remained significantly associated with maximum weight loss (P = 0.0002), as minor allele carriers lost approximately 3 kg less compared with common allele homozygotes. This association was particularly evident in the banding surgery patients (P < 0.0001), whereas no significant association was found in the gastric bypass subjects. No other SNPs were associated with maximum weight loss. Furthermore, no SNPs were significantly associated with weight regain.

CONCLUSION:

The FTO SNP rs16945088 was associated with maximum weight loss after banding surgery. We found no evidence that obesity-risk SNPs in FTO or other obesity candidate genes derived from genome-wide association studies are associated with maximum weight loss or weight regain over 6 years of follow-up in bariatric surgery patients. The potential role of other obesity genes remains to be investigated.

PMID:
20733583
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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