Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
AIDS Care. 2010 Nov;22(11):1379-85. doi: 10.1080/09540121003758465.

Factors associated with consistent condom use among rural young women in South Africa.

Author information

  • 1Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa.


Despite high levels of awareness of HIV, condom use, particularly consistent use, is suboptimal among young South African women. This paper aims to investigate the factors associated with both any condom use and consistent use by young rural women. In this study 1204 sexually active female volunteers, aged 15-26 years, were selected using a two-stage procedure in which firstly 70 clusters were selected and thereafter up to 20 women per cluster were selected, to participate in a cluster randomised controlled trial of an HIV behavioural intervention. This study is analysing cross-sectional data from a baseline survey thus no causal inferences can be drawn. A structured questionnaire was administered at a baseline interview. An estimated 19.9% of young women reported consistent condom use in the 12 months before the interview, while 44.5% reported inconsistent use. Any condom use was associated with higher condom use self-efficacy (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1.59; 95% CI 1.41, 1.77), less association of trust with suggested condom use (aOR 0.86; 95% CI 0.82, 0.91), knowing one's HIV status (aOR 2.86; 95% CI 1.52, 5.39) and having a more educated mother (aOR 1.71; 95% CI 1.26, 2.33). Having had just one partner was associated with a lesser likelihood of any condom use (aOR 0.14; 95% CI 0.10, 0.20). Consistent use, compared with inconsistent use, was associated with having just one partner (aOR 3.25; 95% CI 2.23, 4.73), less relationship conflict (aOR 0.84; 95% CI 0.75, 0.91) and higher gender equity in relationships with a male partner (aOR 1.43; 95% CI 1.15, 1.77). Our findings suggest that gender equity, monogamy and harmonious relationships play a positive role in enabling women to reduce their risk for HIV infection. Such aspects of relationship context could form a significant part of the progressive strategies required for HIV-prevention interventions to be successful.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk