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Alcohol Alcohol. 2010 Sep-Oct;45(5):444-8. doi: 10.1093/alcalc/agq043. Epub 2010 Aug 20.

fMRI BOLD response of high-risk college students (Part 2): during memory priming of alcohol, marijuana and polydrug picture cues.

Author information

  • 1Center of Alcohol Studies, Rutgers-The State University of New Jersey, 607 Allison Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA. shmita@rci.rutgers.edu

Abstract

AIMS:

This study examined brain activity using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and reaction time (RT) during an implicit repetition priming memory task involving alcohol, polydrug, marijuana and emotional picture cues.

METHODS:

Participants were 5 male and 5 female high-risk college students who had just participated in a cue exposure study (Ray et al., this issue). fMRI and RT data were collected while participants made decisions about previously seen and new picture cues.

RESULTS:

Both behavioral RT and brain imaging data revealed strong memory priming for drug and alcohol cues. Neurologically, a repetition priming effect (suppression in neural activity for repeated cues) was observed in response to alcohol cues in the left prefrontal, bilateral occipital, and bilateral occipitotemporal regions, as well as right insula and right precuneus (Z ranged from 3.03 to 3.31 P < 0.05). Polydrug cues elicited priming in the occipital and temporal areas, and marijuana cues in the occipital area.

CONCLUSIONS:

Prefrontal and insular cortex involvement both in reactivity to alcohol cues (Ray et al., this issue) and subsequent implicit memory processing of these cues, as found in this study, suggests their potential role in the maintenance of high-risk alcohol use behaviors.

PMID:
20729527
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2930252
Free PMC Article
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