Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Urol. 2010 Oct;184(4 Suppl):1804-9. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2010.03.112. Epub 2010 Aug 21.

Preoperative stone attenuation value predicts success after shock wave lithotripsy in children.

Author information

  • 1Department of Urologic Surgery, University of Minnesota Medical Center and Amplatz Children's Hospital, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.



We determined whether stone attenuation can predict stone fragmentation after shock wave lithotripsy in the pediatric population. Previous studies show that preoperative attenuation in HU on noncontrast computerized tomography predicts shock wave lithotripsy success. To our knowledge study of this parameter in the pediatric population has been lacking to date.


We performed a multi-institutional review of the records of 53 pediatric patients 1 to 18 years old who underwent shock wave lithotripsy for 3.8 to 36.0 mm renal calculi. Stone size, average skin-to-stone distance and attenuation value were determined by bone windows on preoperative noncontrast computerized tomography. Success was defined as radiographically stone-free status at 2 to 12-week followup after a single lithotripsy session without the need for further sessions or ancillary procedures.


After lithotripsy 33 patients (62%) were stone-free and 20 had incomplete fragmentation or required additional procedures. Mean ± SD stone attenuation in successfully treated patients vs those with incomplete fragmentation was 710 ± 294 vs 994 ± 379 HU (p = 0.007). Logistical regression analysis revealed that only attenuation in HU was a significant predictor of success. When patients were stratified into 2 groups (less than 1,000 and 1,000 HU or greater), the shock wave lithotripsy success rate was 77% and 33%, respectively (p <0.003).


Stone attenuation less than 1,000 HU is a significant predictor of shock wave lithotripsy success in the pediatric population. This finding suggests that attenuation values have a similar predictive value in the pediatric population as that previously reported in the adult population.

Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Comment in

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk