Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cancer Causes Control. 2010 Dec;21(12):2137-47. doi: 10.1007/s10552-010-9633-3. Epub 2010 Aug 19.

MC1R genotype may modify the effect of sun exposure on melanoma risk in the GEM study.

Author information

  • 1Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. anne.kricker@sydney.edu.au

Abstract

We investigated whether MC1R genotype modifies the effect of sun exposure on melanoma risk in 1,018 cases with multiple melanomas (MPM) and 1,875 controls with one melanoma (SPM). There was some suggestion that MC1R genotype modified the effect of beach and water activities on MPM risk: ORs were 1.94 (95% CI 1.40-2.70) for any activities for no R variants and 1.39 (95% CI 1.05-1.84) with R variants (R151C, R160W, D294H, and D84E) (p for interaction 0.08). MC1R modification of sun exposure effects appeared most evident for MPM of the head and neck: for early life ambient UV, the OR was 4.23 (95% CI 1.76-10.20) with no R and 1.04 (95% CI 0.40-2.68) with R (p for interaction = 0.01; p for three-way interaction = 0.01). Phenotype modified the effect of sun exposure and MPM in a similar manner. We conclude that MC1R and pigmentary phenotype may modify the effects of sun exposure on melanoma risk on more continuously sun-exposed skin. Possible explanations include that risk may saturate with higher sun sensitivity for melanomas on continuously sun-exposed sites but continue to increase as sun exposure increases with lower sun sensitivity, or that sun-sensitive people adapt their behavior by increasing sun protection when exposed.

PMID:
20721616
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3010306
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (1)Free text

Figure 1
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Springer Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk