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Cell Transplant. 2011;20(3):455-66. doi: 10.3727/096368910X522270. Epub 2010 Aug 18.

Transplantation of insulin-producing cells derived from umbilical cord stromal mesenchymal stem cells to treat NOD mice.

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  • 1Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology, School of Medicine, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus can be treated with islet transplantation, although there is a scarcity of donors. This study investigated whether human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from umbilical cord stroma could be induced to differentiate into insulin-producing cells and the effects of retro-orbital injection of human insulin-producing cells for the treatment of nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice. MSCs were isolated from human umbilical cord stroma and induced to differentiate into insulin-producing cells using differentiation medium. Differentiated cells were evaluated by immunocytochemistry, RT-PCR, and real-time PCR. C-peptide release, both spontaneous and after glucose challenge, was measured by ELISA. Insulin-producing cells were then transplanted into NOD mice. Blood glucose levels and body weights were monitored weekly. Human nuclei and C-peptide were detected in mouse livers by immunohistochemistry. Pancreatic β-cell development-related genes were expressed in the differentiated insulin-producing cells. Differentiated cells' C-peptide release in vitro increased after glucose challenge. Further, in vivo glucose tolerance tests showed that blood sugar levels decreased after the cells' transplantation into NOD mice. After transplantation, insulin-producing cells containing human C-peptide and human nuclei were located in the liver. Thus, we demonstrated that differentiated insulin-producing cells from human umbilical cord stromal MSCs transplanted into NOD mice could alleviate hyperglycemia in diabetic mice.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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