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Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2010 Nov;11(16):2675-86. doi: 10.1517/14656566.2010.485612. Epub 2010 Aug 18.

Hypertensive nephropathy: prevention and treatment recommendations.

Author information

  • 1Cook County (Stroger) Hospital, Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.

Abstract

IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD:

A worldwide epidemic of chronic kidney disease (CKD) exists; hypertensive nephropathy is second only to diabetes as a leading cause of progressive CKD. Due to the increasing morbidity and mortality and escalating costs associated with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), novel therapeutic strategies are needed urgently to maximally reduce albuminuria, control blood pressure, and delay progression of hypertensive nephropathy to ESRD. In particular, rational use of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (RAAS) blockers and achieving blood pressure targets are crucial to reduce cardiovascular and renal outcomes.

AREAS COVERED IN THIS REVIEW:

We discuss the pathophysiology of hypertensive nephropathy and review current research evidence in support of i) albuminuria reduction as a key factor to maximally slow CKD progression, ii) the blood pressure (BP) goal of < 130 mmHg, and iii) strategies for prevention and optimal treatment of hypertensive nephropathy.

WHAT WILL THE READER GAIN:

Insight into the complexity of treating patients with hypertensive nephropathy and the effective strategies required for reducing albuminuria, achieving BP goals and delaying progression of hypertensive nephropathy.

TAKE HOME MESSAGE:

Patients with hypertensive proteinuric nephropathy need aggressive BP-lowering with multiple agents that should include RAAS blockers, calcium antagonists and diuretics to maximally slow progression to ESRD.

PMID:
20718588
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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