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J Biol Chem. 1991 Jul 15;266(20):12949-55.

Mechanism of rhodopsin kinase activation.

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  • 1R.S. Dow Neurological Sciences Institute, Good Samaritan Hospital and Medical Center, Portland, Oregon 97209.


The role of the cytoplasmic loops and C-terminal region of bovine rhodopsin (Rho) in binding and activating rhodopsin kinase was investigated. The ability of various enzymatically truncated forms of photolyzed rhodopsin (Rho*) to stimulate rhodopsin kinase activity was quantified. Following endopeptidase Asp-N cleavage of all phosphorylation sites on the C-terminal, the resulting truncated Rho* (329G-Rho*) was not phosphorylated by rhodopsin kinase. This suggests that rhodopsin kinase only phosphorylates C-terminal sites of Rho*. However 329G-Rho* could bind rhodopsin kinase and stimulate phosphorylation of exogenous peptide. Kinase stimulation was investigated for other truncated forms of Rho* in which the C-terminal region was either partially or completely eliminated, and the V-VI loop was either cleaved or left intact (339K-Rho*, 341E239E-Rho*, 329G239E-Rho*, 327P240S-Rho*). Results suggest that the V-VI loop is crucial for kinase binding (similar to the binding of GT). Mastoparan, a model peptide for G-protein-coupled receptors, was found to stimulate rhodopsin kinase in a mechanism similar to that of truncated Rho*. We conclude that rhodopsin kinase binds to the cytoplasmic loops of Rho* to cause a stimulation of its catalytic activity.

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