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Eur J Cancer. 2010 Dec;46(18):3287-93. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2010.07.005. Epub 2010 Aug 12.

A phase I and biology study of gefitinib and radiation in children with newly diagnosed brain stem gliomas or supratentorial malignant gliomas.

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  • 1Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To estimate the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD); study the pharmacology of escalating doses of gefitinib combined with radiation therapy in patients ⩽21 years with newly diagnosed intrinsic brainstem gliomas (BSG) and incompletely resected supratentorial malignant gliomas (STMG); and to investigate epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) amplification and expression in STMG.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Three strata were identified: stratum 1A--BSG; stratum IB--incompletely resected STMG not receiving enzyme-inducing anticonvulsant drugs (EIACD); and stratum II--incompletely resected STMG receiving EIACD. Dose escalation using a modified 3+3 cohort design was performed in strata IA and II. The initial gefitinib dosage was 100mg/m(2)/d commencing with radiation therapy and the dose-finding period extended until 2 weeks post-radiation. Pharmacokinetics (PK) and biology studies were performed in consenting patients.

RESULTS:

Of the 23 eligible patients, 20 were evaluable for dose-finding. MTDs for strata IA and II were not established as accrual was halted due to four patients experiencing symptomatic intratumoral haemorrhage (ITH); two during and two post dose-finding. ITH was observed in 0 of 11 patients treated at 100mg/m(2)/d, 1 of 10 at 250 mg/m(2)/d and 3 of 12 at 375 mg/m(2)/d. Subsequently a second patient at 250 mg/m(2)/d experienced ITH. PK analysis showed that the median gefitinib systemic exposure increased with dosage (p = 0.04). EGFR was over-expressed in 5 of 11 STMG and amplified in 4 (36%) samples.

CONCLUSION:

This trial provides clear evidence of EGFR amplification in a significant proportion of paediatric STMG and 250 mg/m(2)/d was selected for the phase II trial.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20708924
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2988095
Free PMC Article
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