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J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Dec 15;55(5):558-64. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e3181ee3d82.

Two-year safety and virologic efficacy of maraviroc in treatment-experienced patients with CCR5-tropic HIV-1 infection: 96-week combined analysis of MOTIVATE 1 and 2.

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  • 1Division of Infectious Diseases, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center/Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA.



Maraviroc, the first approved CCR5 antagonist, demonstrated 48-week safety and virologic efficacy in CCR5-tropic HIV-infected, treatment-experienced patients; however, critical longer-term safety and durability of responses are unknown.


Two-year follow-up of 2 prospective, randomized, blinded studies of maraviroc once daily or twice daily, or placebo in treatment-experienced patients with R5-tropic HIV-1 receiving an optimized background regimen. Unblinding occurred after the week-48 visit of the last enrolled patient. Safety and virologic parameters were assessed through week 96.


One thousand forty-nine patients were randomized and received study drugs. HIV-1 RNA was <50 copies per milliliter at week 96 in 39% and 41% of patients receiving maraviroc every day or twice a day, respectively. Among patients with HIV-1 RNA <50 copies per milliliter at week 48, 81% and 87% of patients receiving maraviroc every day or twice a day, respectively, maintained this response at week 96. At week 96, median CD4+ T-cell counts increased from baseline by 89 and 113 cells per cubic millimeter with maraviroc every day and twice a day, respectively. Exposure-adjusted rates of adverse events were similar with maraviroc or placebo. No new or unexpected events were observed after week 48.


Maraviroc-containing antiretroviral regimens maintained durable responses in treatment-experienced patients with R5 HIV-1 through 96 weeks of treatment with a safety profile similar to placebo.


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