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Comput Methods Programs Biomed. 2011 Oct;104(1):1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.cmpb.2010.07.004. Epub 2010 Aug 10.

Application of spatio-temporal filtering to fetal electrocardiogram enhancement.

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  • 1Silesian University of Technology, Institute of Electronics, 16 Akademicka Str., 44-100 Gliwice, Poland.


In this paper we propose a new structure of the instrumentation for electrocardiographic fetal monitoring. We apply a single-channel approach to maternal electrocardiogram suppression in the recorded four abdominal bioelectric signals. Then we exploit spatial and temporal properties of the extracted four-channel fetal electrocardiogram to construct a new channel with higher signal-to-noise ratio. Finally, we perform detection of fetal QRS complexes. The proposed approach is investigated with the help of the constructed database of the maternal abdominal signals. During the detection tests, the spatio-temporal filtering allowed us to decrease significantly the number of the detection errors of different detectors applied. Moreover, we present visually that even if the fetal QRS complexes are buried in noise, the spatio-temporal filtering can produce the signal with the discernible ones.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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