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Antioxid Redox Signal. 2011 Jan 15;14(2):229-39. doi: 10.1089/ars.2010.3224. Epub 2010 Oct 12.

Nonhuman primate calorie restriction.

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  • 1Wisconsin National Primate Research Center, SMPH, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53715, USA.


Calorie restriction (CR) is the only dietary intervention that repeatedly extends both median and maximal lifespan in a broad range of species. Although there has been considerable interest in CR and its ability to retard aging, the mechanism has remained elusive. In contrast to studies in rodent and nonmammalian systems that are now beginning to provide mechanistic insights into how CR promotes longevity, the efficacy of CR in delaying primate aging has yet to be fully demonstrated. Here we review some of the insights from CR studies in short-lived species. We describe the advantages of using the rhesus monkey as a model for human aging and detail how CR can be successfully implemented in this species. We discuss the findings from our ongoing longitudinal study and outline the effects to date of CR on rhesus monkey health. Finally, we highlight the importance of primate studies in the context of aging research and its potential to advance our understanding of human aging and health.

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