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Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Oct 1;172(7):752-61. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwq181. Epub 2010 Aug 9.

A pooled analysis of extremely low-frequency magnetic fields and childhood brain tumors.

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  • 1Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095-1772, USA. kheifets@ucla.edu

Abstract

Pooled analyses may provide etiologic insight about associations between exposure and disease. In contrast to childhood leukemia, no pooled analyses of childhood brain tumors and exposure to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MFs) have been conducted. The authors carried out a pooled analysis based on primary data (1960-2001) from 10 studies of ELF-MF exposure and childhood brain tumors to assess whether the combined results, adjusted for potential confounding, indicated an association. The odds ratios for childhood brain tumors in ELF-MF exposure categories of 0.1-<0.2 μT, 0.2-<0.4 μT, and ≥0.4 μT were 0.95 (95% confidence interval: 0.65, 1.41), 0.70 (95% CI: 0.40, 1.22), and 1.14 (95% CI: 0.61, 2.13), respectively, in comparison with exposure of <0.1 μT. Other analyses employing alternate cutpoints, further adjustment for confounders, exclusion of particular studies, stratification by type of measurement or type of residence, and a nonparametric estimate of the exposure-response relation did not reveal consistent evidence of increased childhood brain tumor risk associated with ELF-MF exposure. These results provide little evidence for an association between ELF-MF exposure and childhood brain tumors.

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PMID:
20696650
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2984256
Free PMC Article

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