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Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2010 Sep;31(9):1019-21. doi: 10.1038/aps.2010.116. Epub 2010 Aug 9.

Emerging role of junctophilin-2 as a regulator of calcium handling in the heart.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.

Abstract

Junctophilin-2 (JPH2) is a membrane-binding protein that plays a key role in the organization of the junctional membrane complex (JMC) in cardiac myocytes. JPH2 is believed to keep the plasma membrane and sarcoplasmic reticulum at a fixed distance within the JMC, which is essential for proper Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release during the excitation-contraction process. Recent studies have revealed that mutations in the JPH2 gene are associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, highlighting the importance of this protein for normal cardiac physiology. In this paper, we review current knowledge about the structure and function of junctophilin-2 in the heart.

PMID:
20694023
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3659429
Free PMC Article

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