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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010 Sep 3;399(4):629-36. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.07.128. Epub 2010 Aug 4.

Selective destruction of mouse islet beta cells by human T lymphocytes in a newly-established humanized type 1 diabetic model.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. yongzhao@uic.edu


Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is caused by a T cell-mediated autoimmune response that leads to the loss of insulin-producing beta cells. The optimal preclinical testing of promising therapies would be aided by a humanized immune-mediated T1D model. We develop this model in NOD-scid IL2rgamma(null) mice. The selective destruction of pancreatic islet beta cells was mediated by human T lymphocytes after an initial trigger was supplied by the injection of irradiated spleen mononuclear cells (SMC) from diabetic nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice. This resulted in severe insulitis, a marked loss of total beta-cell mass, and other related phenotypes of T1D. The migration of human T cells to pancreatic islets was controlled by the beta cell-produced highly conserved chemokine stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) and its receptor C-X-C chemokine receptor (CXCR) 4, as demonstrated by in vivo blocking experiments using antibody to CXCR4. The specificity of humanized T cell-mediated immune responses against islet beta cells was generated by the local inflammatory microenvironment in pancreatic islets including human CD4(+) T cell infiltration and clonal expansion, and the mouse islet beta-cell-derived CD1d-mediated human iNKT activation. The selective destruction of mouse islet beta cells by a human T cell-mediated immune response in this humanized T1D model can mimic those observed in T1D patients. This model can provide a valuable tool for translational research into T1D.

Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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