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J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem. 2011 Apr;26(2):254-60. doi: 10.3109/14756366.2010.496363. Epub 2010 Aug 5.

The chemical constituents of Piper kadsura and their cytotoxic and anti-neuroinflammtaory activities.

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  • 1Natural Products Laboratory, School of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Korea.

Abstract

The n-hexane and CHCl₃ soluble fractions of the MeOH extract of the aerial parts of Piper kadsura were found to potently inhibit nitric oxide (NO) production in LPS-activated BV-2 cells, a microglial cell line. From the active fractions, a new stereoisomer of guaiane sesquiterpene, 1α,5β-guai-4(15)-ene-6β,10β-diol, kadsuguain A (1) and a new cyclohexadienone, kadsuketanone A (2), together with twelve known compounds (3-14) were isolated. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by extensive NMR spectral studies. The absolute configuration of 2 was determined by circular dichroism (CD) spectra. Compounds 2, 6, and 11-14 significantly inhibited both nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E₂ (PGE₂) production in the LPS-activated microglia cells. In addition, compounds 4, 6, and 11-14 exhibited cytotoxicity against the A549, SK-OV-3, SK-MEL-2, and HCT15 human tumour cells.

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