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Prostate. 2010 Sep 15;70(13):1379-87. doi: 10.1002/pros.21171.

A novel in vitro assay of tumor-initiating cells in xenograft prostate tumors.

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  • 1Department of Urology, University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, New York, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The field of prostate cancer has been stymied by the difficulty of cultivating patient-derived samples in the laboratory. In order to help circumvent this challenge, we sought to develop an in vitro assay of human prostate cancer initiation employing a prostate-associated mesenchymal feeder layer.

METHODS:

Rat seminal vesicle mesenchyme (rSVM) harvested from male neonatal rats was plated in 12-well plates and then irradiated with 30 Gy after approximately 75% confluence. Single-cell suspensions of two human non-adherent prostate cancer xenograft lines (TRPC and LAPC9) were then plated on irradiated rSVM. At 3-4 weeks, three-dimensional solid structures, termed glandoids, were harvested and analyzed or transplanted singly into the renal capsule of immunodeficient mice. Animals were assessed for tumor formation 8-12 weeks after engraftment. Finally, clonality assays were performed to determine whether glandoids usually arise from a single cell and are therefore clonal in origin.

RESULTS:

Glandoids form with reliable frequency (1/ approximately 300 plated cells), are constituted by relevant cell types (CK8+, CK5-, PSA+) and after implantation into immunocompromised mice, give rise to tumors that recapitulate original xenograft histology and cell composition; defining a glandoid as a tumor-initiating unit. In addition, assessment of red fluorescent protein (RFP)-labeled glandoids revealed either all red or non-red structures, with few areas of fusion, suggesting glandoids are clonal in origin.

CONCLUSIONS:

The above assay describes an adjunct technique to readily cultivate cells from prostate cancer xenografts in vitro and as such provides a platform on which tumor-initiating cell studies and high-throughput drug discovery may be performed.

PMID:
20687210
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3808877
Free PMC Article

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