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J Bone Miner Res. 2011 Jan;26(1):135-42. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.201.

Prolonged survival and phenotypic correction of Akp2(-/-) hypophosphatasia mice by lentiviral gene therapy.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan.


Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is an inherited systemic skeletal disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding the tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNALP) isozyme. The clinical severity of HPP varies widely, with symptoms including rickets and osteomalacia. TNALP knockout (Akp2(-/-)) mice phenotypically mimic the severe infantile form of HPP; that is, TNALP-deficient mice are born with a normal appearance but die by 20 days of age owing to growth failure, hypomineralization, and epileptic seizures. In this study, a lentiviral vector expressing a bone-targeted form of TNALP was injected into the jugular vein of newborn Akp2(-/-) mice. We found that alkaline phosphatase activity in the plasma of treated Akp2(-/-) mice increased and remained at high levels throughout the life of the animals. The treated Akp2(-/-) mice survived for more than 10 months and demonstrated normal physical activity and a healthy appearance. Epileptic seizures were completely inhibited in the treated Akp2(-/-) mice, and X-ray examination of the skeleton showed that mineralization was significantly improved by the gene therapy. These results show that severe infantile HPP in TNALP knockout mice can be treated with a single injection of lentiviral vector during the neonatal period.

© 2011 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.

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