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AACN Adv Crit Care. 2010 Jul-Sep;21(3):247-57. doi: 10.1097/NCI.0b013e3181db53cb.

Reducing catheter-associated urinary tract infection in the critical care unit.

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  • Department of Urology and School of Nursing, University of Virginia, UVA 2nd Floor, Room 2570, PO Box 800422, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA. mg5k@virginia.edu


Changes in reimbursement policies have focused attention on the use of indwelling catheters in the critical care unit as well as their role in hospital-acquired urinary tract infections. Implementation of an evidence-based prevention program can significantly reduce both the prevalence of indwelling catheterization and the incidence of hospital-acquired catheter-associated urinary tract infection. This article describes the epidemiology and pathophysiology of catheter-associated urinary tract infection, and outlines essential elements of an evidence-based prevention program for the critical care unit.

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