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Mol Cancer Ther. 2010 Aug;9(8):2287-96. doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-10-0159. Epub 2010 Aug 3.

Tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor-3 sensitizes melanoma and colon cancer to biotherapeutics and chemotherapeutics.

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  • 1Department of Cancer Biology, Lerner Research Institute, The Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, NB4-67, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.


Drug resistance is a major obstacle in cancer treatments and diminishes the clinical efficacy of biological, cytotoxic, or targeted therapeutics. Being an antiapoptotic mediator of chemoresistance in breast and lung cancer cells, MKP1 phosphatase might be targeted for overcoming chemoresistance and improving therapeutic efficacy. In this work, tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor-3 (TPI-3) was identified as a novel small molecule inhibitor of MKP1 and was capable of sensitizing tumors to bio- and chemotherapeutics in mice as a tolerated oral agent. Effective against recombinant MKP1, TPI-3 selectively increased MKP1 phosphosubstrates in Jurkat cells and induced cell death via apoptosis at nanomolar concentrations. TPI-3 also increased MKP1 phosphosubstrates in WM9 human melanoma cells and synergized with biotherapeutic IFN alpha 2b in the growth inhibition of melanoma cells in vitro (combination index, <1). WM9 xenografts unresponsive to individual agents were significantly inhibited (62%, P = 0.001) in mice by a tolerated combination of oral TPI-3 (10 mg/kg, 5 d/wk) and IFN alpha 2b. MKP1 expression was detected in human melanoma cell lines and tissue samples at levels up to six times higher than those in normal or nonmalignant melanocytes. TPI-3 also interacted positively with chemotherapeutics, 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin, against MC-26 colon cancer cells in vitro and in mice. Altogether, our data show the preclinical activities of TPI-3 in overcoming cancer resistance to bio- and chemotherapeutics, implicate MKP1 as a drug-resistant molecule in melanoma, and support the targeting of MKP1 for improving cancer therapeutic efficacy.

(c) 2010 AACR.

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