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Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi. 2010 May;13(5):533-9. doi: 10.3779/j.issn.1009-3419.2010.05.28.

[A systematic review on different treatment methods of bone metastasis from cancers].

[Article in Chinese]

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  • 1Evidence-based Medicine Center of Lanzhou University, Basic Medical of Lanzhou University School, Lanzhou 730000, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

Skeletal metastase is one of the most common complications related to advanced cancer. The aim of this study is to analyze the effectiveness and safety of radiotherapy plus intravenous bisphosphonates versus radiotherapy alone for treating bone metastasis.

METHODS:

We searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, CBM, CNKI and VIP, as well as the reference lists of reports and reviews. The quality of included trials was evaluated by the Cochrane Handbook. Data were extracted and evaluated by two reviewers independently. The Cochrane Collaboration's Rev-Man 5.0 was used for data analysis.

RESULTS:

Twenty-two trials involving 1 585 patients were included. Compared with radiotherapy alone, radiotherapy plus intravenous bisphosphonates was more effective in total effective rate of pain relive (RR = 1.21, 95% CI: 1.13-1.30, P < 0.001), average abated time (WMD = 16.00, 95% CI: 10.12-21.88, P < 0.001), and quality of life (RR = 1.25, 95% CI: 1.08-1.45, P = 0.003, with significant differences. Side effects have no significant differences between the two groups except fever (RR = 5.61, 95% CI: 3.11-10.13, P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Current evidence supports more effective of radiotherapy plus intravenous bisphosphonates for bone metastases. The combine treatment is safe and effective.

PMID:
20677655
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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