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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2010 Oct 15;502(2):121-9. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2010 Jul 29.

The aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator-interacting protein 2 suppresses the estrogen receptor signaling via an Arnt-dependent mechanism.

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  • 1Department of Pharmaceutics and Medicinal Chemistry, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA 95211, USA.


We explored whether modulation of the estrogen receptor (ER) signaling is possible through an aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (Arnt)-dependent mechanism. We utilized the Arnt-interacting protein 2 (Ainp2) to examine whether the presence of Ainp2 in MCF-7 cells would interfere with the Arnt-mediated ER signaling. We found that Arnt increased the 17 beta-estradiol (E2)-dependent luciferase activity and Ainp2 significantly suppressed this Arnt-mediated luciferase activity. Ainp2 significantly suppressed 25% of the E2- and Arnt-dependent up-regulation of the GREB1 message. No suppression of the ER target gene expression by Ainp2 was detected in Arnt-knockdown MCF-7 cells and in Arnt-independent ER signaling. Although Ainp2 did not interact with ER alpha and ER beta, it suppressed the ER alpha::Arnt interaction and reduced the E2-driven recruitment of Arnt to the GREB1 promoter. We concluded that Ainp2 suppresses the ER signaling by not allowing Arnt to participate in the ER-dependent, Arnt-mediated activation of gene transcription.

2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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