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J Clin Psychiatry. 2011 May;72(5):692-7. doi: 10.4088/JCP.09m05291gre. Epub 2010 Jun 29.

Subsyndromal depressive symptoms after symptomatic recovery from mania are associated with delayed functional recovery.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, The David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. mgitlin@mednet.ucla.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study examined whether the presence of subsyndromal depressive symptoms predicted functional recovery after an acute manic episode.

METHOD:

Subjects with bipolar I disorder (according to the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV) who, at the time of symptomatic recovery from an acute manic or hypomanic episode, had a concomitant functional recovery (n = 52) were compared on demographic variables and mood symptoms to those who had symptomatically recovered but not functionally recovered (n = 33). Demographic and mood variables were examined in the nonfunctionally recovered group to assess predictors of time to functional recovery. The primary functional outcome measure used was the Life Functioning Questionnaire, a 5-minute, gender-neutral self-report scale to measure role function in 4 domains: workplace, duties at home, leisure time with family, and leisure time with friends. Participants in the study were recruited from July 2000 through February 2005.

RESULTS:

Depressive symptoms, even at a subsyndromal level, were significantly associated with persisting functional impairment after symptomatic recovery from a manic episode (P < .02). Subsyndromal depressive symptoms also significantly predicted a slower time to functional recovery over the next 9 months (P = .006).

CONCLUSION:

The presence of even mild subsyndromal depressive symptoms may interfere with functional recovery in patients with bipolar disorder after symptomatic recovery from a manic or hypomanic episode.

© Copyright 2011 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

PMID:
20673560
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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