Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Heart. 2010 Aug;96(16):1297-302. doi: 10.1136/hrt.2010.194878.

Tubular damage in chronic systolic heart failure is associated with reduced survival independent of glomerular filtration rate.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cardiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.



The prognostic impact of reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in chronic heart failure (CHF) is increasingly recognised, but little is known about tubular damage in these patients.


To investigate the prevalence of tubular damage, and its association with GFR, and prognosis in patients with CHF.


In 90 patients with CHF, GFR and effective renal plasma flow (ERPF) were measured ([(125)I]iothalamate and [(131)I]hippuran clearances). The tubular markers neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) and kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM-1) as well as urinary albumin excretion were determined in 24 h urine collections. Mean GFR was 78+/-26 ml/min/1.73 m(2). Urinary NGAL (175 (70-346) microg/g creatinine (gCr)), NAG (12 (6-17) U/gCr) and KIM-1 (277 (188-537) ng/gCr) levels were increased compared with 20 healthy controls (all p<0.001). Urinary NAG, but not NGAL or KIM-1 correlated with GFR (r=-0.34, p=0.001) and ERPF (r=-0.29, p=0.006). Both NAG (r=0.21, p=0.048) and KIM-1 (r=0.23, p=0.033) correlated with plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels. Both urinary KIM-1 (HR=1.15 (95% CI 1.02 to 1.30) per 100 ng/gCr increase, p=0.025) and NAG (HR=1.42 (95% CI 1.02 to 1.94) per 5 U/gCr increase, p=0.039), were associated with an increased risk of death or heart failure hospitalisations, independent of GFR.


Tubular damage, as indicated by increased urinary concentrations of NGAL, NAG and KIM-1 is common in patients with CHF and mildly reduced GFR. Both urinary KIM-1 and NAG showed prognostic information additional to GFR. These findings suggest an important role for tubular damage and tubular markers in cardiorenal interaction in heart failure.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk