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Heart. 2010 Aug;96(16):1291-6. doi: 10.1136/hrt.2010.195057.

Paclitaxel-coated balloon versus drug-eluting stent during PCI of small coronary vessels, a prospective randomised clinical trial. The PICCOLETO study.

Author information

  • 1Interventional Cardiology Unit, Cardiovascular Department, Ospedale della Misericordia, Grosseto, Italy. bcortese@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of small vessels is limited by an increased risk of restenosis and adverse outcome, even when drug-eluting stents (DES) are employed. In recent years, the paclitaxel-coated balloon (PCB) has been shown to reduce neointimal proliferation and the need for target lesion revascularization (TLR) in an in-stent restenosis setting. The impact of a PCB during PCI of small coronary vessels was evaluated and compared to one of the most widely used DES.

METHODS:

In the PICCOLETO randomised clinical trial, patients with stable or unstable angina undergoing PCI of small coronary vessels (< or = 2.75 mm) were randomised to Dior PCB (28 patients) or Taxus DES (29 patients). The primary study end point was per cent diameter stenosis at 6-month angiographic follow-up (non-inferiority), secondary end points were angiographic binary restenosis and occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE: death, Q-wave myocardial infarction, TLR) at 9 month follow-up.

RESULTS:

The two groups were not dissimilar regarding clinical and angiographic characteristics. Study was interrupted after enrolment of two-thirds of patients due to a clear superiority of one study group. The primary end point was not met, because the PCB group showed higher per cent diameter stenosis (43.6% vs 24.3%, p=0.029); angiographic restenosis was higher as well (32.1 vs 10.3%, p=0.043), whereas MACE were 35.7% in the PCB group and 13.8% in the DES group (p=0.054).

CONCLUSIONS:

Dior PCB failed to show equivalence to Taxus DES regarding angiographic end points during PCI of small coronary arteries. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER (EUDRACT CODE): 2009-012268-15.

PMID:
20659948
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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