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J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2010 Oct;30(10):1721-33. doi: 10.1038/jcbfm.2010.89. Epub 2010 Jul 21.

Mapping brain function using a 30-day interval between baseline and activation: a novel arterial spin labeling fMRI approach.

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  • 1Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA.

Abstract

By comparing hemodynamic signals acquired immediately before and during activation, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is well suited for mapping acute changes in brain function. However, it remains unclear whether fMRI can map functional changes over longer periods. Here, we address this issue by empirically testing the feasibility of arterial spin labeling (ASL) fMRI to detect changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF) with baseline and task separated by 1 month. To increase the sensitivity of the method, we applied an algorithm that yielded flow density (CBFd) images that were independent of tissue content. To increase the accuracy, we developed a technique that generated arterial transit time at each voxel, independently. Results showed that activation changes in CBFd during the same session were statistically the same as across 30 days. The activation CBFd on day-30 was 34% (motor) and 25% (visual) higher than the respective baselines of 83 and 107 mL/100 g/min obtained on day-1. Furthermore, the signal-to-noise ratio of the CBFd measurement was 2.1 and 2.9 times higher than that of the conventional CBF for within-subject and across-subjects comparisons, respectively (n=9 healthy young subjects). Taken together, these results indicate that CBFd measure could be better suited than net CBF to map long-term changes in brain function.

PMID:
20648039
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3023398
Free PMC Article

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