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Cold Spring Harb Protoc. 2010 Jul 1;2010(7):pdb.prot5450. doi: 10.1101/pdb.prot5450.

Purification of epitope-tagged transcription factor IID.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Transcription factor IID (TFIID) is one of the most critical factors in transcription complex assembly because it recognizes a core promoter and interacts with chromatin and activator proteins. This protocol uses immunoaffinity chromatography in a simple two-step procedure to purify modified TFIID to homogeneity with limited loss of activity. In brief, a short peptide containing the influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) tag is fused onto the amino terminus of TATA-binding protein (TBP), and a retroviral transfer system is used to generate a HeLa cell line stably expressing the HA-tagged TBP. Extracts from this cell line contain TFIID, which stably incorporates the epitope-tagged TBP. The TFIID is partially purified from these extracts using phosphocellulose chromatography and then immunopurified using a resin containing protein A-Sepharose beads cross-linked to a monoclonal antibody against the influenza epitope. The TFIID is then eluted from the immunoaffinity resin in pure form using an HA peptide. The resulting TFIID contains a complete complement of TBP-associated factors (TAFs) and can be used in transcription, electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA), and footprinting assays; its purity is well suited for many other studies.

PMID:
20647354
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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