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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2010 Jun;7(6):2726-44. doi: 10.3390/ijerph7062726. Epub 2010 Jun 23.

Obesity prevalence in Nepal: public health challenges in a low-income nation during an alarming worldwide trend.

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  • 1Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden.


The future toll of the obesity epidemic will likely hit hardest in low- and middle-income countries. Ongoing urbanization promotes risk factors including sedentary lifestyle and fat- and sugar-laden diets. Low-income countries like Nepal experience a double disease burden: infectious diseases as well as rising incidence of noncommunicable diseases (e.g., cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus) frequently characterized by obesity. Nepal currently directs efforts towards curing disease but pays little attention to preventive actions. This article highlights obesity prevalence in Nepal, delineates the challenges identified by our pilot study (including low health literacy rates), and suggests strategies to overcome this trend.


Nepal; cardiovascular disease; diabetes; epidemic; obesity

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