Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Oncol. 2010 Aug 20;28(24):3838-43. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2010.30.0582. Epub 2010 Jul 19.

Scale to predict survival after surgery for recurrent glioblastoma multiforme.

Author information

  • 1Surgical and Molecular Neurooncology Unit, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke,Neuro-oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute and National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal andSkin Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. parkjk@ninds.nih.gov

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Despite initial treatment with surgical resection, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy, glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) virtually always recurs. Surgery is sometimes recommended to treat recurrence. In this study, we sought to devise a preoperative scale that predicts survival after surgery for recurrent glioblastoma multiforme.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

The preoperative clinical and radiographic data of 34 patients who underwent re-operation of recurrent GBM tumors were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox proportional hazards regression modeling. The factors associated with decreased postoperative survival (P < .05) were used to devise a prognostic scale which was validated with a separate cohort of 109 patients.

RESULTS:

The factors associated with poor postoperative survival were: tumor involvement of prespecified eloquent/critical brain regions (P = .021), Karnofsky performance status (KPS) < or = 80 (P = .030), and tumor volume > or = 50 cm(3) (P = .048). An additive scale (range, 0 to 3 points) comprised of these three variables distinguishes patients with good (0 points), intermediate (1 to 2 points), and poor (3 points) postoperative survival (median survival, 10.8, 4.5, and 1.0 months, respectively; P < .001). The scale identified three statistically distinct groups within the validation cohort as well (median survival, 9.2, 6.3, and 1.9 months, respectively; P < .001).

CONCLUSION:

We devised and validated a preoperative scale that identifies patients likely to have poor, intermediate, and good relative outcomes after surgical resection of a recurrent GBM tumor. Application of this simple scale may be useful in counseling patients regarding their treatment options and in designing clinical trials.

Comment in

PMID:
20644085
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2940401
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (3)Free text

Fig 1.
Fig 2.
Fig 3.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk