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J Clin Oncol. 2010 Sep 10;28(26):4066-73. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2009.26.8797. Epub 2010 Jul 19.

Energetics in colorectal and prostate cancer.

Author information

  • 1Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, 44 Binney St, Boston, MA 02115, USA. jmeyerhardt@partners.org

Abstract

For decades, extensive research has explored the association between factors related to energy balance and the development of both colorectal cancer and prostate cancer. Physical inactivity, obesity, higher red meat consumption or Western pattern diet, insulin and insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) appear to increase the risk of colorectal cancer while obesity, high animal fat intake, insulin and IGFs have been associated with increasing prostate cancer risk and/or aggressiveness. Recently, there are growing observational data on the relationship between energetic host factors and progression of these cancers. While there are no large randomized trials in either colorectal cancer or prostate cancer assessing these factors on disease progression or disease-related mortality, the data supporting associations between some of these factors and colorectal or prostate cancer survivorship are getting more compelling. This article will evaluate the emerging data on energy balance in patients with colorectal or prostate cancer.

PMID:
20644082
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2982797
Free PMC Article

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