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Ann Rheum Dis. 2010 Dec;69(12):2125-30. doi: 10.1136/ard.2010.131953. Epub 2010 Jul 19.

Treatment strategies and outcome of induction-refractory Wegener's granulomatosis or microscopic polyangiitis: analysis of 32 patients with first-line induction-refractory disease in the WEGENT trial.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, National Referral Center for Necrotizing Vasculitides and Systemic Sclerosis, Hôpital Cochin, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Université Paris-Descartes, Paris, France. raphaele.seror@cch.aphp.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To study the efficacy of rescue treatment strategies and outcomes in patients with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) not achieving remission with first-line induction with corticosteroids (CS) and intravenous cyclophosphamide (CYC).

METHODS:

159 eligible patients in the Wegener's Granulomatosis-Entretien (WEGENT) trial newly diagnosed with systemic or renal WG or MPA with ≥ 1 poor prognosis factors were included in this prospective study. Rescue treatment strategies and outcomes in patients with induction-refractory disease were analysed and patient characteristics at diagnosis were compared with those of induction-responders.

RESULTS:

Most patients (n=126, 79.2%) achieved remission; 1 stopped induction because of allergy and 32 were induction-refractory (24 WG and 8 MPA); 11 died rapidly within a median of 2.5 months, 6 of uncontrolled disease, 1 of an infectious complication and 4 of both. Treatment was discontinued in 1 patient with MPA with end-stage renal disease. Induction was switched to oral CYC in 20 patients, combined with infliximab in 1; 15 (75%) achieved remission or low disease activity state, 3 subsequently died of uncontrolled disease and 2 entered remission using several other agents including biological agents. Alveolar haemorrhage and a creatinine level >200 μmol/l were independently associated with induction-refractory disease. Among patients with induction-refractory disease, massive alveolar haemorrhage was associated with higher mortality.

CONCLUSION:

Switching to oral CYC can be an effective rescue treatment for patients with systemic forms of WG or MPA who fail to achieve remission with first-line CS and intravenous CYC. However, a more rapidly effective regimen remains to be identified for most severely affected patients whose outcomes can be rapidly fatal.

PMID:
20643762
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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