Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Aging (Albany NY). 2010 Jul;2(7):415-31.

miRNAs regulate SIRT1 expression during mouse embryonic stem cell differentiation and in adult mouse tissues.

Author information

  • 1Gladstone Institute of Virology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, 94158, USA.

Abstract

SIRT1 is increasingly recognized as a critical regulator of stress responses, replicative senescence, inflammation, metabolism, and aging. SIRT1 expression is regulated transcriptionally and post-transcriptionally, and its enzymatic activity is controlled by NAD+ levels and interacting proteins. We found that SIRT1 protein levels were much higher in mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) than in differentiated tissues. miRNAs post-transcriptionally downregulated SIRT1 during mESC differentiation and maintained low levels of SIRT1 expression in differentiated tissues. Specifically, miR-181a and b, miR-9, miR-204, miR-199b, and miR-135a suppressed SIRT1 protein expression. Inhibition of mir-9, the SIRT1-targeting miRNA induced earliest during mESC differentiation, prevented SIRT1 downregulation. Conversely, SIRT1 protein levels were upregulated post-transcriptionally during the reprogramming of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) into induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. The regulation of SIRT1 protein levels by miRNAs might provide new opportunities for therapeutic tissue-specific modulation of SIRT1 expression and for reprogramming of somatic cells into iPS cells.

PMID:
20634564
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2933889
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (6)Free text

Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Figure 5.
Figure 6.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Impact Journals, LLC Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk