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Exp Cell Res. 2010 Oct 15;316(17):2903-9. doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2010.07.004. Epub 2010 Jul 13.

High levels of glucose induce apoptosis in cardiomyocyte via epigenetic regulation of the insulin-like growth factor receptor.

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  • 1Medical Research Center, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Provincial Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, Guangdong, P.R. China.


Diabetic hyperglycemia result in cardiovascular complications, but the mechanisms by which high levels of glucose (HG) cause diabetic cardiomyopathy are not known. We investigate whether HG-induced repression of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) mediated by epigenetic modifications is one potential mechanism. We found that HG resulted in decreased IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) mRNA levels, and IGF-1R protein when compared with H9C2 rat cardiomyocyte cells incubated in normal glucose. HG also induced apoptosis of H9C2 cells. The effects of HG on reduced expression of IGF-1R and increased apoptosis were blocked by silencing p53 with small interference RNA but not by non-targeting scrambled siRNA. Moreover, HG negatively regulated IGF-1R promoter activity as determined by ChIP analysis, which was dependent on p53 since siRNA-p53 attenuated the effects of HG on IGF-1R promoter activity. HG also increased the association of p53 with histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1), and decreased the association of acetylated histone-4 with the IGF-1R promoter. Furthermore, HDAC inhibitor relieved the repression of IGF-1R following HG state. These results suggest that HG-induced repression of IGF-1R is mediated by the association of p53 with the IGF-1R promoter, and by the subsequent enhanced recruitment of chromatin-modifying proteins, such as HDAC1, to the IGF-1R promoter-p53 complex. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that HG decreases expression of IGF-1R and decreases the association of acetylated histone-4 with the IGF-1R promoter. These studies may help delineate the complex pathways regulating diabetic cardiomyopathy, and have implications for the development of novel therapeutic strategies to prevent diabetic cardiomyopathy by epigenetic regulation of IGF-1R.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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