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J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2010 Jul 15;7:32. doi: 10.1186/1743-0003-7-32.

Balance perturbation system to improve balance compensatory responses during walking in old persons.

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  • 1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Abstract

Ageing commonly disrupts the balance control and compensatory postural responses that contribute to maintaining balance and preventing falls during perturbation of posture. This can lead to increased risk of falling in old adults (65 years old and over). Therefore, improving compensatory postural responses during walking is one of the goals in fall prevention programs. Training is often used to achieve this goal. Most fall prevention programs are usually directed towards improving voluntary postural control. Since compensatory postural responses triggered by a slip or a trip are not under direct volitional control these exercises are less expected to improve compensatory postural responses due to lack of training specificity. Thus, there is a need to investigate the use balance perturbations during walking to train more effectively compensatory postural reactions during walking.This paper describes the Balance Measure & Perturbation System (BaMPer System) a system that provides small, controlled and unpredictable perturbations during treadmill walking providing valuable perturbation, which allows training compensatory postural responses during walking which thus hypothesize to improve compensatory postural responses in older adults.

PMID:
20630113
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2911463
Free PMC Article

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