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Am J Transplant. 2010 Aug;10(8):1774-84. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2010.03199.x. Epub 2010 Jul 12.

Rapamycin-conditioned donor dendritic cells differentiate CD4CD25Foxp3 T cells in vitro with TGF-beta1 for islet transplantation.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DCs) conditioned with the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor rapamycin have been previously shown to expand naturally existing regulatory T cells (nTregs). This work addresses whether rapamycin-conditioned donor DCs could effectively induce CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) Tregs (iTregs) in cell cultures with alloantigen specificities, and whether such in vitro-differentiated CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) iTregs could effectively control acute rejection in allogeneic islet transplantation. We found that donor BALB/c bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDCs) pharmacologically modified by the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin had significantly enhanced ability to induce CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) iTregs of recipient origin (C57BL/6 (B6)) in vitro under Treg driving conditions compared to unmodified BMDCs. These in vitro-induced CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) iTregs exerted donor-specific suppression in vitro, and prolonged allogeneic islet graft survival in vivo in RAG(-/-) hosts upon coadoptive transfer with T-effector cells. The CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) iTregs expanded and preferentially maintained Foxp3 expression in the graft draining lymph nodes. Finally, the CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) iTregs were further able to induce endogenous naïve T cells to convert to CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) T cells. We conclude that rapamycin-conditioned donor BMDCs can be exploited for efficient in vitro differentiation of donor antigen-specific CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) iTregs. Such in vitro-generated donor-specific CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) iTregs are able to effectively control allogeneic islet graft rejection.

PMID:
20626386
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3995630
Free PMC Article

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