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J Biomed Biotechnol. 2010;2010:597641. doi: 10.1155/2010/597641. Epub 2010 Jun 16.

Osteogenic activity of locally applied small molecule drugs in a rat femur defect model.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, New Jersey Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, NJ 07103, USA.

Abstract

The long-term success of arthroplastic joints is dependent on the stabilization of the implant within the skeletal site. Movement of the arthroplastic implant within the bone can stimulate osteolysis, and therefore methods which promote rigid fixation or bone growth are expected to enhance implant stability and the long-term success of joint arthroplasty. In the present study, we used a simple bilateral bone defect model to analyze the osteogenic activity of three small-molecule drug implants via microcomputerized tomography (micro-CT) and histomorphometry. In this study, we show that local delivery of alendronate, but not lovastatin or omeprazole, led to significant new bone formation at the defect site. Since alendronate impedes osteoclast-development, it is theorized that alendronate treatment results in a net increase in bone formation by preventing osteoclast mediated remodeling of the newly formed bone and upregulating osteoblasts.

PMID:
20625499
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2896701
Free PMC Article

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