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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010 Aug;126(2):306-16, 316.e1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2010.05.017. Epub 2010 Jul 10.

Peanut-induced intestinal allergy is mediated through a mast cell-IgE-FcepsilonRI-IL-13 pathway.

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  • 1Division of Cell Biology, Department of Pediatrics, National Jewish Health, Denver, Colo, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although implicated in the disease, the specific contributions of FcepsilonRI and IL-13 to the pathogenesis of peanut-induced intestinal allergy are not well defined.

OBJECTIVES:

We sought to determine the contributions of FcepsilonRI, IL-13, and mast cells to the development of intestinal mucosal responses in a murine model of peanut-induced intestinal allergy.

METHODS:

Sensitized wild-type (WT), FcepsilonRI-deficient (FcepsilonRI(-/-)), and mast cell-deficient (Kit(W-sh/W-sh)) mice received peanut orally every day for 1 week. Bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) from WT, FcepsilonRI(-/-), IL-4(-/-), IL-13(-/-), and IL-4/IL-13(-/-) mice were differentiated and transferred into WT, FcepsilonRI(-/-), and Kit(W-sh/W-sh) recipients. BMMCs from WT and UBI-GFP/BL6 mice were differentiated and transferred into WT and Kit(W-sh/W-sh) mice. Blockade of IL-13 was achieved by using IL-13 receptor alpha2 (IL-13Ralpha2)-IgG fusion protein.

RESULTS:

FcepsilonRI(-/-) mice showed decreased intestinal inflammation (mast cell and eosinophil numbers) and goblet cell metaplasia and reduced levels of IL4, IL6, IL13, and IL17A mRNA expression in the jejunum. Transfer of WT BMMCs to FcepsilonRI(-/-) recipients restored their ability to develop intestinal allergic responses unlike transfer of FcepsilonRI(-/-), IL-13(-/-), or IL-4/IL-13(-/-) BMMCs. FcepsilonRI(-/-) mice exhibited lower IL-13 levels and treatment of WT mice with IL-13 receptor alpha2 prevented peanut-induced intestinal allergy and inflammation.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data indicate that the development of peanut-induced intestinal allergy is mediated through a mast cell-dependent IgE-FcepsilonRI-IL-13 pathway. Targeting IL-13 might be a potential treatment for IgE-mediated peanut-induced allergic responses in the intestine.

Copyright 2010 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

FcεRI; IL-13; IgE; Peanut; intestinal allergy; mast cell

PMID:
20624645
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2917491
Free PMC Article

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