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Diabetes. 2010 Oct;59(10):2549-57. doi: 10.2337/db10-0480. Epub 2010 Jul 9.

Roles of Bcl-3 in the pathogenesis of murine type 1 diabetes.

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  • 1Department of Pathology and Laboratory of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

It has long been recognized that autoimmunity is often associated with immunodeficiency. The mechanism underlying this paradox is not well understood. Bcl-3 (B-cell lymphoma 3) is an atypical member of the IκB (inhibitor of the nuclear factor-κB) family that is required for lymphoid organogenesis and germinal center responses. Mice deficient in Bcl-3 are immunodeficient because of the microarchitectural defects of their lymphoid organs. The goal of this study is to define the potential roles of Bcl-3 in type 1 diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Bcl-3-deficient NOD mice were generated by backcrossing Bcl-3-deficient C57BL/6 mice to NOD mice. Spontaneous and induced type 1 diabetes were studied in these mice by both pathologic and immunologic means. The effect of Bcl-3 on inflammatory gene transcription was evaluated in a promoter reporter assay.

RESULTS:

We found that Bcl-3-deficient NOD and C57BL/6 mice were, paradoxically, more susceptible to autoimmune diabetes than wild-type mice. The increase in diabetes susceptibility was caused by Bcl-3 deficiency in hematopoietic cells but not nonhematopoietic cells. Bcl-3 deficiency did not significantly affect anti-islet Th1 or Th2 autoimmune responses, but markedly increased inflammatory chemokine and T helper 17 (Th17)-type cytokine expression. Upon transfection, Bcl-3 significantly inhibited the promoter activities of inflammatory chemokine and cytokine genes.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results indicate that in addition to mediating lymphoid organogenesis, Bcl-3 prevents autoimmune diabetes by inhibiting inflammatory chemokine and cytokine gene transcription. Thus, a single Bcl3 gene mutation leads to both autoimmunity and immunodeficiency.

PMID:
20622172
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3279524
Free PMC Article
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