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J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2010 Jul-Aug;50(4):490-5. doi: 10.1331/JAPhA.2010.09055.

Evaluation of medication reconciliation in an ambulatory setting before and after pharmacist intervention.

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  • 1Regional Medical Center, Memphis, TN, USA. lpeyton@uu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the accuracy of medication reconciliation in an internal medicine clinic and to evaluate pharmacist interventions targeted at improving the accuracy of medication reconciliation.

DESIGN:

Prospective case series.

SETTING:

Memphis, TN, from October 2007 to March 2008.

PATIENTS:

180 adults attending an internal medicine appointment.

INTERVENTION:

On patient arrival, a nurse completed the medication reconciliation form. In Phase 1 of the study, a pharmacist randomly selected and reviewed a patient's medication reconciliation form, interviewed the patient, and verified information if indicated. A total of 90 forms were reviewed and compared to determine baseline medication reconciliation accuracy. Education interventions were held with the medical and nursing staff, targeting areas for improvement. In Phase 2 of the study, 90 additional medication reconciliation forms were reviewed in the same manner. Phase 1 and Phase 2 results were compared to evaluate differences in accuracy after the pharmacist's education interventions.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Accuracy of medication reconciliation forms and number of potentially significant errors at baseline and after pharmacist interventions.

RESULTS:

In Phase 1, 14.4% of medication reconciliation forms were correct. The remaining forms contained 190 potentially significant errors. After the education interventions, 18.9% of medication reconciliation forms were correct and the others contained 139 potentially significant errors.

CONCLUSION:

Medication reconciliation accuracy is poor. Although education interventions showed a trend toward improvement, continued education training for staff and patients is needed in addition to other interventions to optimize this process and prevent medication errors.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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