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Eur Psychiatry. 2010 Nov;25(7):421-6. doi: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2010.03.014.

Does the Suicide Assessment Scale predict risk of repetition? A prospective study of suicide attempters at a hospital emergency department.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. margda.waern@neuro.gu.se

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine whether the modified version of the Suicide Assessment Scale (SUAS) can be utilised to predict risk of repeat suicidal behaviour.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

Hundred and sixty-five patients aged 18 to 68 years who were admitted to emergency wards after a suicide attempt were interviewed. Follow-up interviews (n=96) were carried out after 2 months. Associations between SUAS scores and repeat attempt (fatal/non-fatal) during the following 3 years were analysed and the instrument's ability to predict repetition was assessed.

RESULTS:

High SUAS score (>30) was associated with repetition. The ability of the SUAS to correctly predict repeat suicidal behaviour in the entire study group was low (AUC=0.65, 95% CI=0.56-0.74) but better for those (n=42) who reported ongoing psychiatric treatment at follow-up (AUC=0.78, 95% CI 0.63-0.94). Among the latter group, all with baseline SUAS scores >30 made repeats.

CONCLUSION:

The modified SUAS performed well as a screening instrument in psychiatric patients.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20620027
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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