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J Colloid Interface Sci. 2010 Oct 1;350(1):320-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2010.06.028. Epub 2010 Jun 19.

Surface coverage effects on the desorption kinetics of selenite from a hydroxyaluminum-montmorillonite complex.

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  • 1Department of Soil Science, University of Saskatchewan, 51 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 5A8. sahau@uga.edu

Abstract

Information on the desorption of metals and metalloids from soils and clays are essential for a better understanding of their mobility, transport, and fate in natural environments. We investigated nitrate-, phosphate-, and citrate-induced desorption kinetics of preadsorbed selenite (presented as Se henceforth) from a hydroxyaluminum-montmorillonite (HyA-Mt) complex at three different surface coverages of 8%, 25%, and 69% of its Langmuir predicted adsorption maximum (262.61 mmole kg(-1)). Generally the mole fraction of preadsorbed Se released after the attainment of desorption equilibrium was significantly higher with increasing surface coverage. Desorption kinetics of Se from the clay was best described by the Elovich model. The Elovich model parameter beta representing the rate of Se desorption increased as the surface coverage increased. Both kinetic data and mole fraction of Se released at desorption equilibrium supported the contention that adsorption bond strength progressively decreases with increasing surface coverage. Both citrate and phosphate remobilized Se at significantly faster rates than nitrate at any surface coverage level. Citrate showed a significantly faster rate of Se release than phosphate only at 8% surface coverage but not at 25% and 69% surface coverages, suggesting that differential ability of these two ligands to influence the kinetics of Se release was also surface coverage dependent. The findings of the present study would help better understand the consequences of different surface coverages on soil colloids by preadsorbed Se as well as the impacts of phosphate fertilization and rhizospheric processes in influencing Se mobility in soil and related environments.

Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20619849
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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