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Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2010 Aug 1;20(15):4359-63. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2010.06.069. Epub 2010 Jun 17.

Pyrido[2,3-b]pyrazines, discovery of TRPV1 antagonists with reduced potential for the formation of reactive metabolites.

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  • 1Neurogen Corporation, Branford, CT 06405, USA. kjhodgetts@aol.com


The transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily V, member 1 (TRPV1) is a non-selective cation channel that can be activated by a wide range of noxious stimuli, including capsaicin, acid, and heat. Blockade of TRPV1 activation by selective antagonists is under investigation in an attempt to identify novel agents for pain treatment. During pre-clinical development, the 1,8-naphthyridine 2 demonstrated unacceptably high levels of irreversible covalent binding. Replacement of the 1,8-naphthyridine core by a pyrido[2,3-b]pyrazine led to the discovery of compound 26 which was shown to have significantly lower potential for the formation of reactive metabolites. Compound 26 was characterized as an orally bioavailable TRPV1 antagonist with moderate brain penetration. In vivo, 26 significantly attenuated carrageenan-induced thermal hyperalgesia (CITH) and dose-dependently reduced complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced chronic inflammatory pain after oral administration.

Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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