Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Perinatol. 2011 Jan;28(1):19-24. doi: 10.1055/s-0030-1262507. Epub 2010 Jul 6.

Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn is associated with mode of delivery and not with maternal use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

Author information

  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, Washington 89431-1100, USA.

Abstract

We sought to determine if maternal use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in the second half of pregnancy is associated with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). We performed a case-controlled study (1:6 ratio) of infants delivered at Madigan Army Medical Center with primary PPHN from 2003 through 2009. Study and control patients were compared for the following clinical factors: SSRI use after 20 weeks gestation, mode of delivery, maternal disease, body mass index, tobacco use, fetal gender, maternal age, and parity. We identified 20 cases of primary PPHN out of 11,923 births for an incidence of 0.17%. Mode of delivery was the only factor we found to be associated with PPHN. Specifically, cesarean delivery (CD) prior to the onset of labor increased the risk for PPHN: odds ratio (OR) = 4.9, confidence interval (CI) 1.7 to 14.0. Importantly, use of SSRIs in the second half of pregnancy was identified in 5% of the controls but none of the cases (OR = 0, CI 0 to 3). PPHN is associated with CD prior to the onset of labor but not with SSRI use in the second half of pregnancy. Previous studies linking PPHN to SSRI use relied on after-the-fact patient interviews and incomplete records. Additional studies are needed to verify these results.

Thieme Medical Publishers.

PMID:
20607643
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart, New York
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk